Note this post is my outsider’s reflection on observing the sacrifice of the the Islamic Eid al-Adha festival this year in Amman Jordan. For my outsider’s summary on the broader details of Eid al-Adha, check out last year’s post here. I’m not sure why but as of Nov 2009 it’s the most viewed page on the site (2600+ views).
This year (2009) brought an interesting convergence of cultures and holidays as the American Thanksgiving celebration coincided with the beginning of the Islamic Eid al-Adha (Fesitval of the Sacrifice). In American culture the last Thursday of November is always Thanksgiving Day and people typically spend it with family and friends. It is usually a day of feasting featuring a huge meal with turkey, stuffing, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie. Some also take the time to serve the less fortunate. Churches and other organizations often put on Thanksgiving dinners or deliver Thanksgiving meals to those who can’t afford to celebrate on their own. Here in Amman we were able to celebrate with a mixed group of Americans, Canadians, and Jordanians.
By way of contrast Eid al-Adha falls on a different day each year as Muslims follow a lunar calendar. This year the Thursday of Thanksgiving corresponded with the preparation day before the actual beginning of the festival. The 5-day government holiday begins on preparation day. The streets were crowded yesterday with people making their last minute purchases for the holiday. I was caught in a couple of traffic jams. The interesting contrast with Thanksgiving is that many Muslims fast on preparation day. Feasting and Fasting. Traditionally in America early Thanksgiving Days were accompanied by a day (or even days) of fasting as people expressed their gratitude to God for his blessings. But it seems we Americans have lost that tradition over the years, preferring the feast to the fast
Today (Friday), was the actual beginning of the Eid. I awoke this morning at 5 AM with the extended call to prayer that is typical on the mornings of the Greater Eids. Of course waking up early on the day after Thanksgiving is not unusual in the States, as many rise at the crack of dawn to line up at stores in anticipation of getting some of the best shopping deals of the year. Black Friday has almost become a religious experience for some. Actually, electronics retailer Best Buy got in trouble with some this year for mixing too much religion with Black Friday. They printed an ad that advertised their Black Friday deals and wished Muslims a Happy Eid al-Adha. From my perspective this seems like a culturally savvy move recognizing that the Eid actually fell on Black Friday. Apparently 10 pages of complaints were lodged on the Best Buy website – how petty, culturally arrogant, and just plain backwards. Have people forgotten that with freedom of religion comes recognition of other religions in the society as a whole. Those who were offended shouldn’t worry – it’ll take aproximately 33 years for Eid al-Adha to fall exactly on Black Friday again.
In Amman Jordan today, early risers weren’t off to the mall or the department stores to find the best bargain. (Although curiously I found that at 6 AM plenty barbers and bakeries were open). Rather, many people were up early to pray at the mosques. The call to prayer sounded for a good couple of hours this morning and people went early to begin the festival with prayer and a sermon.
After some time at the mosque many go to one of areas in the city reserved for the selling and sacrifice of animals for the festival. For many days now people have been buying animals for this purpose. Many purchase a lamb or goat (around 150-200 dinars), but some purchase cows or even camels (5000 dinar). As an outsider it’s somewhat surprising and amusing to see ordinary looking people struggling to put a live sheep or goat in the trunk of their ordinary looking car. I even saw one family putting theirs into the trunk of a taxi. This made me laugh out loud, but perhaps it was the taxi driver and his family. Those who buy and take their sheep may be planning to do the sacrifice at their home, or have another butcher do the deed
However, many show up at the sheep pens early on Friday morning to have their animal sacrificed, skinned, and butchered while they wait. And, it’s a real family outing. I saw men, women, and tons of kids all watching this fascinating ritual take place. No one seemed to bat an eye at the animals being sacrificed right in front of them – the women, the little kids, even the girls in pink coats and cute winter hats took it all in stride. I was really struck by the family nature of the event. I kinda figured I would just see a bunch of men at the place of sacrifice but that was definitely not the case.
The whole experience was fascinating and if you are ever in a Muslim country during Eid al-Adha you should find out where the sacrifices will be taking place and go check it out. However, be warned: it’s not for those with a weak stomach, don’t like the sight of blood, or have trouble seeing animals killed. I didn’t understand everything that was going on this morning, but heres a thumbnail sketch.
The first thing that struck me this morning was the smell. My son and I had stopped by to take a look at the animal pens earlier in the week and in his own charming way he had summed up the smell at that time, “Ewwww, it smells like sheep poop. Or maybe camel poop!” Anyone who has grown up near a farm knows the smell. This morning was different. It was distinctly the smell of freshly butchered lamb. The air was permeated with it. You might not recognize the smell if you live back in the States, but after a year of walking past sides of lamb hanging in the open air in the market you begin to identify the odor.
Basically the area was divided up into a bunch of different pens for the different sellers. People would come and buy an animal, or often bring a slip showing that they had previously bought an animal. Some of the animals had numbers spray painted on them – I imagine this is something like a customer number, but I could be wrong. Most of the pens had their own sacrifice/butchering area as well. The animals would be led to the place of sacrifice – sometimes led backwards by one leg. I guess this is to help shield them from what is about to happen. Then the animal is sacrificed by one stroke of a sharp knife across its neck. This is done over a sort of makeshift trough or drain that runs to a large metal barrel or tank that has been sunken below ground for the purpose of collecting blood. The dead sheep are lined up in a row on the ground so the blood will drain out. On the other end of this line there is a man who skins and disembowels the sheep. The carcass is then hung on a meat hook. A butcher chops it into sections on the hook and then takes it to a nearby block for further breaking down. One butcher I saw was using a large tree stump as his block. The pieces of meat are then given to the customer who is usually holding some sort of heavy duty plastic bag waiting to receive the fresh meat.
It was chilly this morning and the sides of lamb steamed as they hung in the cool air. I overheard one guy commenting positively on how the air was like a refrigerator. I couldn’t imagine the whole process taking place in the hot summer months!
Each family then takes the meat and distributes it according to Islamic tradition. The combination I’ve heard most often is some for the immediate family, some for the poor, and some for the extended family. Over the next few days there will be big family get-togethers and feasts not unlike Thanksgiving. (Ok, the menu is dramatically different.) The most important part, however, is giving to the poor. Like folks back home who help the poor on Thanksgiving, acting on behalf of the less fortunate is a major part of observing Eid al-Adha. Even if a family isn’t going to have an animal sacrificed they can donate money so food will be given to the poor.
The differences and similarities between the two celebrations have been swirling around in my mind this morning. Setting aside a day to be thankful, or be obedient to God, or to help the poor are good things. But there’s this tension for me because, really, we should be doing those things everyday. Our gratitude to God shouldn’t just be relegated to one day out of many, nor should our obedience or generosity. However,there’s something in human nature, that despite our best intentions we wander and stray from time to time. Perhaps the level of gratitude or obedience or generosity that we observe and practice on special days like Thanksgiving or Eid al-Adha isn’t humanly sustainable every day of the year. But in a way shouldn’t our lives over-pour in generosity due to the gratitude we have for the blessings that have come our way. Shouldn’t these special holiday observances should be powerful reminders to bring our lifestyles more in line with the desires of God and live each day with grateful hearts, obedient wills, and generous spirits?
Ok, time to get off the soap box. Wherever you are and whatever holiday you are observing I wish you the very best. Happy Thanksgiving! Eid Mubarak! Peace to all!
Note: Even though I left out the most graphic ones,some of the pictures below are a bit bloody – if the sight of animals being sacrificed or butchered bothers you – don’t look. If you are interested remember that clicking on a thumbnail below will bring up a full-sized pic.
Filed under: culture, Eid al-Adha, Interfaith dialogue, Islam, Jordan, Social Justice | Tagged: Amman, cross-cultural experiences, Crossing Cultures, culture, Eid al-Adha, Food, Intercultural Notes, Interfaith dialogue, Islam, Jordan, Local Customs, Local Life, praxis, sacrifice, Social Justice, Thanksgiving | 2 Comments »